Architecture

Architecture journeys: 15 great modern buildings

Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright – architectural brilliance

Destination architecture – could this be the next big tourism experience?

On every holiday I try to make an interesting architectural journey. Over the years this has taken me from Frank Lloyd Wright’s American classics to the iconic Bauhaus in Germany to post-modern blockbusters by contemporary architects.

Here’s my virtual tour of  the best architectural wonders of the modern world from dream homes and glittering galleries to cloud-piercing skyscrapers and flights of fancy.

Barcelona Pavilion

Barcelona Pavilion

Barcelona Pavilion – architectural perfection

Mies van Der Rohe’s pavilion is simplicity and style incarnate. There is nothing elaborate about this classic modernist building with its light spaces and high quality sculptural surfaces.

Mies wanted the pavilion to be an “ideal zone of tranquility”. It achieves that level of perfection 100% with its airy rooms and ‘floating’ roof projecting out over a pool and courtyard.  Just don’t sit down in one of its rare Barcelona chairs which we did before being told off by a warden.

Where to find it: Avenue Francesc Ferrer i Guardia, Barcelona, Spain.

Taliesin West

Frank Lloyd Wright’s amazing low-slung house on the edge of the Sonoran Desert is one of  the architect’s masterpieces. Wright started the building in 1937 and intended it to be his winter home and studio – a merging of architecture and landscape. Its marriage of indoor and outdoor spaces is brilliantly realised. Take one of several daily tours  (booking advised) around the house, studios and gardens.  And on this trip, you can sit in one of the historic chairs designed by Wright himself.

Taliesin West

Taliesin West – desert destination

Where to find it:  Locted in Scottsdale on the outskirts of Phoenix, Arizona, USA.

Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House ‘floats’ on the harbour

One of the world’s most instantly recognisable buildings the Sydney Opera House  ressembles a giant sailing vessel billowing in the harbour wind. Designed by Danish architect Jorn Utzon it is as impressive inside as out – so don’t miss a backstage tour or concert in this iconic venue.

Where to find it: Sydney Cove, Sydney harbour front, Australia.

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum

Another Frank Lloyd Wright ‘spectacular’ structure with its pure white exterior and internal staircase which reminds me of an uncoiled onion.  The Guggenheim has temporary exhibitions in the giant rotunda plus a permanent art collection in the side galleries. But it is the architecture which is the star of this one-man show.

Guggenheim

Guggenheim – a coiled onion

Where to find it: 5th Avenue, Upper East Side, New York, USA.

The Bauhaus

This holy grail of modernist architecture is still an amazing sight as its stark white buildings emerge out of the grey and rather drab Dessau landscape. Hated by Hitler and loved by style leaders, The Bauhaus remains an enduring symbol of modernism. Walter Gropius and then Mies van Der Rohe stamped their design ideals on the school of architecture and the nearby houses between 1919-1933.

Visitors can wander around the main building but you’ll need to buy a ticket for any temporary exhibitions or a self-guided tour of the masters’ houses nearby.

Bauhaus

From Bauhaus to our house – Dessau

Where to find it: Gropius Allee, Dessau (town centre), Germany.

Richard B. Fisher Center for Performing Arts

Gehry's NY

Gehry – striking shapes

Frank Gehry’s amazing armadillo-shaped building looks like a shiny glow worm emerging from the ground. Set in a landscaped park this stunning building recalls lunar images of a space ship landing in the Hudson valley.

Where to find it: Annandale-on-Hudson, New York State, USA.  Ninety miles north of NY. The concert hall is a public building so wander in and take a look at the interior.  Guided tours daily at 2pm.

Don’t miss Gehry’s stunning Guggenheim gallery at Bilbao in northern Spain too.

Zimmerman House

Zimmerman House

Zimmerman House – the Wright style

Frank Lloyd Wright’s smaller scale domestic gem located in the middle of a housing estate on the outskirts of Manchester is a remarkable 1950s building.  The Zimmerman House was designed for a middle-class couple who wanted a moderately sized home with a touch of class and stylish design.  Built in brick there are all the usual Wright touches from the spacious, open plan layout and large, glass windows to the landscaped gardens which make the house feel at one with nature.

Where to find it: Manchester, New Hampshire, USA. Tours start by a pre-booked tour and bus from the Currier Museum in Manchester. Guided tours only on Thursdays-Mondays at 11:30 and 14:00.

Jewish Museum, Berlin

Daniel Libeskind’s commemoration of the Jewish people and the Holocaust is more monument than museum with its clever interplay of spaces and light which incite emotions ranging from claustrophobia to anxiety and fear. Its angular, jagged exterior and maze-like interior provide a remarkable architectural journey which I have never encountered anywhere else.

Berlin

Emotional power – Jewish Museum, Berlin

Where to find it: Lindenstrasse (in city centre district), Berlin, Germany. Open daily 10:00 to late.

Reichstag Dome

Amazing use of space and light welding together new and old within one of Berlin’s most important and symbolic buildings. The rooftop dome and terrace offer spectacular views over this part of the historic city.

Reichstag

Norman Foster – Reichstag Dome

Where to find it: Friedrich Ebert Strasse, central Berlin, Germany. Self-guided tours: book tickets or walk up and expect long queues. Open till late.

Sagrada Familia

Sagrada Familia

Sagrada Familia

Over 125 years in the making, Gaudi’s cathedral is a flight of fancy made real and given concrete form. With its remarkable organic fruits and sculptures & free-flowing shapes and forms, this unique building has evolved over time as a creative catalyst for four generations of crafts people.

Where to find it: Calle Mallorca,Barcelona, Spain. Don’t miss other Gaudi masterpieces elsewhere in Barcelona including Casa Batllo and Casa Mila.

Chrysler Building

New York’s iconic Art Deco skyscraper shimmers like a crystal tower in the sky. Designed by architect William Van Alen the Chrysler is arguably the Big Apple’s most beautiful modern building with its terraced crown and chrome-style ornamentation.

Chrysler building

Chrysler building – a shining crystalline vision

Where to find it: 42 Street and Lexington Avenue, New York City. Visitors can only view the building’s lobby and exterior.

Pompidou Centre

This controversial gallery building designed by Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano is the ultimate in 1970s hi-tech design. Playful and innovative, the Pompidou still has the power to shock, amuse, and engage with the thousands of visitors who pass through it every year.

Wearing what is generally a building’s hidden anatomy on its exterior, this is a big statement of a building… whilst the art gallery inside is amazing too.  Head for the heights and look down on the street performers and cafe society below.

Pompidou Centre

Pompidou Centre – a post-modern icon

Where to find it: Place Georges Pompidou, Paris, France. Hotel de Ville Metro. Open daily except Tuesdays.

MAXXI Rome

Rome’s awesome architectural art house was designed by Anglo-Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid as a centre for art and architecture. This striking building is as impressive inside as outside with its large exhibition spaces that demand big-scale art installations.

 MAXI Rome

MAXXI Rome – maximus architecturus!

Where to find it: Via Guido Reni (Flaminio), Rome. Open daily till late.

Denver Museum of Modern Art

Daniel Libeskind’s fractured planes provide the right mix of crazy and conceptual as you walk around this dramatic contemporary art gallery.

Museum of Modern Art, Denver

Museum of Modern Art, Denver – fractured planes

Where to find it: Delgany Street (downtown), Denver, Colorado, USA. Open daily except Mondays

The Egg

The Egg Albany

The Egg Albany – birth of the sculptured form

This surreal egg-shaped performance art centre by architect Wallace Hamilton is a child of the 1960s. At first glance you could almost mistake The Egg for a sculpture rather than a building with its oval shapes and lack of features.  This strange-looking complex looks like the mothership from a sci-fi movie.

Below the surface the building  goes down six stories and links to a massive series of corridors connecting various parts of downtown with the walkways passing paintings and art works by the likes of Rothko, Pollock and other leading American painters. The brainchild of idealist politician Nelson Rockefeller the complex was designed to help democratise the arts for everyday people.

Where to find it: Empire State Plaza, Albany (downtown), New York State

La Chapelle de Ronchamp

Ronchamps

Ronchamp – spiritual experience

Looking for an emotionally charged architectural journey? Le Corbusier’s modernist church at Ronchamp in southern France is an authentic spiritual experience for the most jaded traveller. Stunning shapes and forms on the outside, beautiful solitude and splashes of perfect coloured light (from stained glass windows) interspersed with white light on the inside. Pure genius.

Where to find it: Rue Le Corbusier, Ronchamp, France.

There are so many more buildings I could list but this is a simply a beginners’ guide.

Expect a UK version of this guide coming soon on the Tammy Tour Guide blog.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s